TRIS Rating affirms the ?AAA(sf)? rating on the existing THB16.5 billion debentures of DAD SPV Co., Ltd. (DAD SPV or Issuer). The rating reflects the creditworthiness of the Treasury Department (TD or Tenant) of the Ministry of Finance (MOF) as the sole tenant of the Bangkok Metropolitan Government Office Center (Government Office Center). The rating also reflects the certainty of the cash flow streams from the lease and service payments made by TD and the low refinancing risk of the debentures.
KEY RATING CONSIDERATIONS
Strong credit quality of the sole tenant
The issue rating reflects the credit profile of TD, the sole tenant of the Government Office Center. TD is a department of the Thai government. Thus, the credit profile of TD reflects the credit strength of the Thai government.
A Cabinet resolution on 25 May 2004 allowed TD, on behalf of other government-related entities, to set up a budget and lease the Government Office Center from Dhanarak Asset Development Co., Ltd. (DAD) for 30 years, starting from 2008.
Certainty of cash flow streams from lease and service payments
Under the lease agreements, TD is not allowed to terminate the lease as long as the debentures issued under this securitization program, or any new debentures issued to replace the existing debentures, are not completely redeemed. During the lease term, even if DAD fails to maintain the buildings in usable condition, TD is still obliged to make lease and service payments in a full and timely manner.
The total THB82.1 billion budget for the entire 30-year lease period was approved by the Cabinet on 9 May 2006 and is allocated to TD on an annual basis, without the need for any further approval from the Cabinet. However, the budget amount must be approved by Parliament every year. Generally, the budget appropriation process is completed within September of each year. However, if the budget appropriation process cannot be finalized within the specified date, TD can still disburse the funds to pay the lease and service payments using the budget received in the previous year as a reference.
This year, the 2022 budget bill was approved by the National Legislative Assembly on 22 August 2021 and announced in the Royal Gazette on 20 September 2021. DAD SPV received the payment from TD on 28 October 2021.
Low refinancing risk
In 2025, approximately THB10.7 billion of DAD SPV?s outstanding debentures is expected to be refinanced. The cash inflows from the lease and service payments during 2025-2037 (net of value added tax or VAT) will total approximately THB36 billion. These cash inflows are sufficient to cover the debt service payments of THB10.7 billion for the amortized debentures, at a refinancing rate as high as approximately 23%, assuming DAD SPV has to maintain cash in a general reserve account and maintain a liquidity reserve account as before. Thus, DAD SPV should have no problem refinancing its bonds in 2025.
In this transaction, the issue rating reflects the creditworthiness of TD, which is the sole tenant of the Government Office Center. Under the terms of the transaction, TD is obliged to make the specified annual lease and service payments to DAD SPV for 30 years, regardless of the condition of the buildings. As a result, the rating will be revised downward only if TD breaches the underlying agreements that it has contracted with DAD. However, a breach of the agreements is unlikely for this transaction.
A Cabinet resolution on 25 May 2004 approved the construction of the Government Office Center on Chaeng Wattana Road to be financed through the issuance of securitized debentures. DAD was responsible for the construction of the buildings and rental of the buildings to TD. The Cabinet resolution allowed TD, on behalf of other government-related entities, to set up a budget and lease the Government Office Center from DAD for the whole 30-year period.
DAD is a government wholly-owned state enterprise. The company was established in 2004 by the MOF to build and operate the Government Office Center and other government real estate projects. Under the terms of this transaction, DAD entered into two land lease agreements with the MOF for a total of 33 years. The first agreement is a three-year land lease for building construction, while the second agreement covers building administration spanning the next 30 years. DAD is also responsible for property management after the construction is complete. In 2020 and the first nine months of 2021, DAD reported unconsolidated net profit of THB299.4 million and THB244.7 million, respectively. At the end of September 2021, its unconsolidated shareholders? equity was THB942.9 million.
DAD SPV is a limited liability company established under the laws of Thailand on 31 March 2005 and granted special purpose vehicle status by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on 18 November 2005. Its major shareholders are DAD (49%), Asset Backed Holdings Co., Ltd. (48%), and individuals (3%). DAD SPV has already paid DAD for the rights to receive the 30-year lease payments from TD using proceeds from the bonds and the issuance of sub promissory notes (P/Ns). DAD SPV?s excess future cash flow will be used to redeem the sub P/Ns owed to DAD. In this transaction, SPV is only responsible for paying VAT under the terms of the underlying agreements. The current VAT rate is 7% of revenue. DAD is responsible for paying the withholding tax on lease and service payments received from TD. DAD must also pay the property taxes. Under the terms of the underlying agreements, any future increases in taxes, fees, and other expenses will be absorbed by TD.
The assets comprise the rights to receive lease and service payments from TD under the following agreements:
(1) the 30-year Building Space Lease Agreement (2008-2038); (2) the 30-year Service Agreement (2008-2038); and (3) the five-year Furniture Procurement Agreement (2008-2013).
The Government Office Center, located on Chaeng Wattana Road, comprises three main buildings: the Administrative Court, Building A, and Building B. The office rental space totals 484,000 square meters (sq.m.). The construction was completed by the end of 2010, behind the original scheduled completion date of June 2008. Currently, 42 government office units have moved in, occupying 100% of the office rental space.
The rating approach taken by TRIS Rating is to assess whether the cash flows from the lease and service payments made by TD to DAD SPV are sufficient to enable DAD SPV to make timely interest payments and repay the principal by the final legal maturity date. Since DAD SPV has to refinance a portion of the debentures in 2025, the analysis also focuses on the possibility of refinancing the debentures due in 2025.
Debt Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR):
In this transaction, the cash inflows from TD are specified in the underlying agreements. All expenses to third parties, taxes, and fees are already fixed. The interest income on cash in the reserve accounts is set at 1%. Based on the annual lease payments from TD, DAD SPV should be able to keep the DSCR during 2007-2025 (except for the refinancing date in 2025) at a minimum of 1 time. At the end of October 2021, the lease payments from TD covered DAD SPV?s obligations for the next 12 months.
However, DAD SPV has to refinance approximately THB10.7 billion in debentures in 2025. The cash inflows from the lease payments during 2025-2037 will total around THB36 billion (net of VAT). DAD SPV should be able to cover the debt service payments of THB10.7 billion for the amortized debentures at a refinancing rate as high as approximately 23%. This relatively high refinancing rate is adequate for a ?AAA? rated transaction.
At the end of October 2021, TD made a 12-month lease payment to DAD SPV as planned. After receiving the lease and service payments, the transaction administrator put the money in three reserve accounts, as shown in Chart 2. DAD SPV then had enough cash to fulfill its obligations until the end of September 2022. The unused cash in the reserve accounts is invested in eligible investments. At the end of October 2021, DAD SPV?s unused cash was deposited with state-owned banks and commercial banks that have ratings higher than ?AA-? for short-term investments (<365 days). The terms of DAD SPV?s investments range between from three to 12 months.
General Reserve Account:
The cash reserve in this account is used to pay taxes, fees, third-party expenses, and interest payments on the senior and subordinated debentures. At the end of October 2021, the cash balance in this account was THB1.15 billion, sufficient to cover the estimated expenses during November 2021-September 2022.
Liquidity Reserve Account:
Starting from July 2008, DAD SPV must maintain a cash reserve in the liquidity reserve account equal to the taxes, fees, third-party expenses, and interest payments due in the next three months. At the end of October 2021, the cash in this account totaled THB284.9 million, sufficient to cover all of DAD SPV?s expenses in the next three months.
Principal Accumulation Reserve Account:
Any cash remaining after satisfying the general reserve and the liquidity reserve accounts will be deposited into the principal accumulation reserve account every year, in an amount determined by the transaction administrator.
To mitigate the negative carry risk of the cash in this account, the Issuer has entered into a swap agreement with the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Ltd. (HSBC).
Under the terms of the swap agreement, the Issuer must make the payments periodically in order to receive the specified return on the specified date. At the end of October 2021, the cash reserve in this account was THB1 billion, which is enough to cover the THB1 billion DAD SPV has to pay HSBC in November 2021. The principal accumulation reserve account at the end of October 2021 was THB2.42 billion. HSBC was rated ?AA-? by S&P Global Ratings and ?Aa3? by Moody?s Investors Service (Moody?s).
TRIS Rating monitors the assigned ratings on DAD SPV?s debentures regularly, through information from the following reports:
? Property management report (if any),
? Transaction administrator?s report, and
? Auditor?s report
Surveillance will be maintained on this transaction until the debentures mature or are otherwise retired, to ensure that the ratings on the debentures reflect current risks.
- Structured Finance Debt Rating Criteria, 10 November 2021
DAD SPV Co., Ltd. (DAD SPV)
DAD25NA: THB5,000 million structured finance securities due 2025 AAA(sf)
DAD25NB: THB6,000 million structured finance securities due 2025 AAA(sf)
DAD25NC: THB5,499.90 million structured finance securities due 2025 AAA(sf)